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I have a dream 我有一個夢想——馬丁路德·金的演講稿(中英文)
2016-01-31

I Have A Dream

By Martin Luther King, Jr.

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we’ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds."

But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we’ve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.

We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.

The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.

We cannot walk alone.

And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead.

We cannot turn back.

There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating "for whites only." We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until "justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream."

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. And some of you have come from areas where your quest -- quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed.

Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends.

And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" and "nullification" -- one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today!

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together."?

This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with.

With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

And this will be the day -- this will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with new meaning:

My country ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.

Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim’s pride,

From every mountainside, let freedom ring!

And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.

And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.

Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York.

Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of

Pennsylvania.

Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado.

Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California.

But not only that:

Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia.

Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee.

Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi.

From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual:

Free at last! Free at last!

Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!

 

漢語譯文:

我有一個夢想

演講者:馬丁路德·金

當我們行動時,我們必須保證向前進。我們不能倒退。現在有人問熱心民權運動的人,“你們什么時候才能滿足?”

只要黑人仍然遭受警察難以形容的野蠻迫害,我們就絕不會滿足。

只要我們在外奔波而疲乏的身軀不能在公路旁的汽車旅館和城里的旅館找到住宿之所,我們就絕不會滿足。

只要黑人的基本活動范圍只是從少數民族聚居的小貧民區轉移到大貧民區,我們就絕不會滿足。

只要密西西比州仍然有一個黑人不能參加選舉,只要紐約有一個黑人認為他投票無濟于事,我們就絕不會滿足。

不!我們現在并不滿足,我們將來也不滿足,除非正義和公正猶如江海之波濤,洶涌澎湃,滾滾而來。

我并非沒有注意到,參加今天集會的人中,有些受盡苦難和折磨,有些剛剛走出窄小的牢房,有些由于尋求自由,曾在居住地慘遭瘋狂迫害的打擊,并在警察暴行的旋風中搖搖欲墜。你們是人為痛苦的長期受難者。堅持下去吧,要堅決相信,忍受不應得的痛苦是一種贖罪。

讓我們回到密西西比去,回到亞拉巴馬去,回到南卡羅來納去,回到佐治亞去,回到路易斯安那去,回到我們北方城市中的貧民區和少數民族居住區去,要心中有數,這種狀況是能夠也必將改變的。我們不要陷入絕望而不可自拔。

朋友們,今天我對你們說,在此時此刻,我們雖然遭受種種困難和挫折,我仍然有一個夢想,這個夢想深深扎根于美國的夢想之中。

我夢想有一天,這個國家會站立起來,真正實現其信條的真諦:“我們認為真理是不言而喻,人人生而平等?!?SPAN lang=EN-US>

我夢想有一天,在佐治亞的紅山上,昔日奴隸的兒子將能夠和昔日奴隸主的兒子坐在一起,共敘兄弟情誼。

我夢想有一天,甚至連密西西比州這個正義匿跡,壓迫成風,如同沙漠般的地方,也將變成自由和正義的綠洲。

我夢想有一天,我的四個孩子將一個不是以他們的膚色,而是以他們的品格優劣來評價他們的國度里生活。

今天,我有一個夢想。我夢想有一天,亞拉巴馬州能夠有所轉變,盡管該州州長現在仍然滿口異議,反對聯邦法令,但有朝一日,那里的黑人男孩和女孩將能與白人男孩和女孩情同骨肉,攜手并進。

今天,我有一個夢想。

我夢想有一天,幽谷上升,高山下降;坎坷曲折之路成坦途,圣光披露,滿照人間。

這就是我們的希望。我懷著這種信念回到南方。有了這個信念,我們將能從絕望之嶺劈出一塊希望之石。有了這個信念,我們將能把這個國家刺耳的爭吵聲,改變成為一支洋溢手足之情的優美交響曲。

有了這個信念,我們將能一起工作,一起祈禱,一起斗爭,一起坐牢,一起維護自由;因為我們知道,終有一天,我們是會自由的。

在自由到來的那一天,上帝的所有兒女們將以新的含義高唱這支歌:“我的祖國,美麗的自由之鄉,我為您歌唱。您是父輩逝去的地方,您是最初移民的驕傲,讓自由之聲響徹每個山崗?!?SPAN lang=EN-US>

如果美國要成為一個偉大的國家,這個夢想必須實現!

讓自由之聲從新罕布什爾州的巍峨的崇山峻嶺響起來!

讓自由之聲從紐約州的崇山峻嶺響起來!

讓自由之聲從賓夕法尼亞州的阿勒格尼山響起來!

讓自由之聲從科羅拉多州冰雪覆蓋的落基山響起來!

讓自由之聲從加利福尼亞州蜿蜒的群峰響起來!

不僅如此,還要讓自由之聲從佐治亞州的石嶺響起來!

讓自由之聲從田納西州的了望山響起來!

讓自由之聲從密西西比的每一座丘陵響起來!

讓自由之聲從每一片山坡響起來!

當我們讓自由之聲響起,讓自由之聲從每一個大小村莊、每一個州和每一個城市響起來時,我們將能夠加速這一天的到來,那時,上帝的所有兒女,黑人和白人,猶太教徒和非猶太教徒,耶穌教徒和天主教徒,都將手攜手,合唱一首古老的黑人靈歌:“自由啦!自由啦!感謝全能上帝,我們終于自由啦!”

 

7*24小時全市統一家教服務熱線(節假日不休):

 

北門一中總校:0991-7823414、15899175973、13579251832

 

高考全日制:400-800-2670、0991-2305932

 

中考全日制:0991-7709575

 

四、校區導航:

 

北門校區:天山區健康路103號徠遠花園2棟一樓106室(一中旁)

 

五、網址列表:

 

A、烏魯木齊歡歡家教網7m篮球比分即时比分app

B、新疆歡歡家教網//www.xjhhjj.com/     

C、烏魯木齊歡歡家教網-手機版//www.jhexr.com.cn/m/

D、烏魯木齊指南針家教網//www.xj003.com/

E、烏魯木齊家教網//www.wlmqjiajiao.com/

F、新疆家教網//www.xjjiajiao.com/

 

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